Getting started

The default number of rules and decoders is limited. For this reason, we centralize, test, and maintain decoders and rules submitted by open source contributors. We also create new rules and rootchecks periodically and add them to this repository so they can be used by the user community. Some examples are the new rules for Netscaler and Puppet.

Currently, Wazuh supports more than 3k rules that accomplish technologies such:

  • Syslog

  • Docker

  • CISCO

  • SonicWall

  • Sendmail

  • Postfix

  • Spamd

  • Imapd

  • MailScanner

  • Microsoft Exchange

  • Courier

  • PIX

  • NetScreen technologies

  • McAfee

  • NextCloud

  • PaloAlto v9.0

  • VirusTotal

  • Suricata

  • MongoDB

  • Jenkins

  • Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM)

  • Telnet

  • SSH

  • Solaris Basic Security module

  • Asterisk

  • Microsoft Windows DHCP

  • Arpwatch

  • Symantec

  • Trend Micro OSCE (Office Scan)

  • Horde IMP

  • Roundcube

  • Wordpress

  • Compaq Insight Manager (cimserver)

  • Dovecot

  • Vm-pop3d

  • FTP, Proftpd, PureFTP, Vsftpd, Microsoft FTP

  • OwlH Zeek

  • Junos

  • Panda Advanced Protection Service (PAPS)

  • CheckPoint Smart-1 Firewalls

  • MacOS SSH

  • Google Cloud Pub/Sub

GitHub repository

In the Wazuh repository you will find:

  • New rules, decoders and rootchecks

    We update and maintain the out-of-the-box rules provided by OSSEC, both to eliminate false positives and to increase accuracy. In addition, we map the rules to PCI-DSS compliance controls, making it easy to identify when an alert is related to a specific compliance requirement.

  • Tools

    We provide some useful tools for testing.

Resources

Rule and Rootcheck example

Log analysis rule for Netscaler with PCI DSS compliance mapping:

<rule id="80102" level="10" frequency="6">
    <if_matched_sid>80101</if_matched_sid>
    <same_source_ip />
    <description>Netscaler: Multiple AAA failed to login the user</description>
    <group>authentication_failures,netscaler-aaa,pci_dss_10.2.4,pci_dss_10.2.5,pci_dss_11.4,</group>
</rule>

Rootcheck rule for SSH Server with mapping to CIS security benchmark and PCI DSS compliance:

[CIS - Debian Linux - 2.3 - SSH Configuration - Empty passwords permitted {CIS: 2.3 Debian Linux} {PCI_DSS: 4.1}] [any] [http://www.ossec.net/wiki/index.php/CIS_DebianLinux]
f:/etc/ssh/sshd_config -> !r:^# && r:^PermitEmptyPasswords\.+yes;

Directory layout

The ruleset folder structure is shown below:

/var/ossec/
        ├─ etc/
        │   ├─ decoders/
        |   |        └─ local_decoder.xml
        │   └─ rules/
        |         └─ local_rules.xml
        └─ ruleset/
                ├─ decoders/
                └─ rules/

Inside the ruleset/ folder you will find all the common rules and decoders. All files inside this folder will be overwritten or modified in the Wazuh update process, so please do not edit files or add custom files in this folder.

If we need to perform some custom changes, we will use the etc/ folder. You can add here your own decoders/rules files or use the default local_decoder.xml and local_rules.xml files.