The registration process

Every Wazuh agent sends data to the Wazuh manager via a secure way called OSSEC message protocol. This protocol encrypts messages using a pre-shared key. In a fresh install, if you didn't register and configure your agent during the installation time, the agent can't communicate with the manager due to the lack of this pre-shared key.

The registration process consists of a mechanism to create a trusted relationship between the Manager and an Agent. This process could be done in a Manager itself or with a registration service. This service runs on the Manager, where an Agent could request a pre-shared key using some credentials. The Manager will reply with the key and store the new Agent in a local database.

Another approach is using the Wazuh API, this is just a wrapper for local registration on Wazuh manager.

Agent keys

The manager uses the file /var/ossec/etc/client.keys to store the registration record of each agent, which includes ID, name, IP, and key. Example:

001 Server1 any e20e0394dca71bacdea57d4ca25d203f836eca12eeca1ec150c2e5f4309a653a
002 ServerProd b0c5548beda537daddb4da698424d0856c3d4e760eaced803d58c07ad1a95f4c
003 DBServer 8ec4843da9e61647d1ec3facab542acc26bd0e08ffc010086bb3a6fc22f6f65b

The agents also have the file /var/ossec/etc/client.keys containing only their own registration record. Example for Server1 agent:

001 Server1 any e20e0394dca71bacdea57d4ca25d203f836eca12eeca1ec150c2e5f4309a653a

Basic data for registering an agent

In order to register an agent, it is necessary to provide the name and the IP of the agent.

There are several ways to set the agent IP:

  • Any IP: Allow the agent to connect from any IP address. Example: Server1 has any IP.

  • Fixed IP: Allow the agent to connect only from the specified IP. Example: ServerProd has the IP

  • Range IP: Allow the agent to connect from the specified range of IPs. Example: DBServer has the IP range

Some registration methods automatically detect the IP of the agent during the registration process.

Registration methods

Here you can find different methods to register the Wazuh agents:



Manual method

Registering agents using the command line (CLI)

Semi automatic

Using the Wazuh API


Using the simple registration service

Using the registration service with password authorization

Manager verification using SSL

Enable Agent verification with host validation

Enable Agent verification without host validation


If you're running Wazuh in cluster mode, refer to the Configuring a cluster section to get more details about the registration process in the cluster.