By default, Syscheck runs every 12 hours, but the interval between scans can be user-defined with the frequency option.
Syscheck scans are designed to run slowly to avoid too much CPU or memory use.
The data collected by the FIM daemon is sent to Analysisd to analyze if we should send an alert. Analysisd sends a query to Wazuh-db to collect old data from that file. When we receive a response the checksum is compared with the string sent by the agent and if the checksum changes, we report an alert.
For Wazuh 3.7.0 the FIM decoder communicates with Wazuh-DB and stores all the data in an SQL database. A DB is created for each agent, which stores information related to it. On every database, we can find the
fim_entry table, which contains the FIM records.
Yes, this is possible when monitoring directories. Using the
report_changes option gives the exact content that has been changed in text files within the directory being monitored. Be selective about which folders you use
report_changes on, because this requires syscheck to copy every single file you want to monitor with
report_changes to a private location for comparison purposes.
See an example of this configuration by clicking on report changes
The Wazuh manager stores and looks for modifications to all the checksums and file attributes received from the agents for the monitored files. It then compares the new checksums and attributes against the stored ones, generating an alert when changes are detected.
Yes. By default Wazuh monitors
/sbin on Unix-like systems and
C:\Windows\System32 on Windows systems.
Yes, you can force an agent to perform a system integrity check with:
/var/ossec/bin/agent_control -r -a /var/ossec/bin/agent_control -r -u <agent_id>
See the Ossec control section for more information.
By default, syscheck scans when Wazuh starts, however, this behavior can be changed with the scan_on_start option
Wazuh can send an alert when a new file is created, however, this configuration option would need to be set up by the user. Use the alert_new_files option for this configuration.
Since Wazuh 3.7.0, FIM deletes the old records from the database. Every record that is no longer monitored is cataloged as historical. The deletion of the database is done, for security reasons, after the agent has been restarted 3 times.
We provide a tool to migrate all registries to the new database. You can checkit in fim upgrade tool section.