Google Workspace, developed and marketed by Google, is a collection of cloud computing, productivity, and collaboration tools. In this guide, we integrate Google IdP to authenticate users into the Wazuh platform.

There are three stages in the single sign-on integration.

  1. Google Configuration

  2. Wazuh indexer configuration

  3. Wazuh dashboard configuration

Google Configuration

  1. Create an account in Google Workspace. A Google Workspace account is required for this configuration. Request a free trial if you don't have a paid license.

  2. Go to and sign in with your Google Admin account.

  3. Create an app with Add custom SAML app.

    1. Go to Apps > Web and mobile apps > Add App, then Add custom SAML app. Enter an App name and click CONTINUE.

    2. Take note of the following parameters, as they will be used during the Wazuh indexer configuration:

      • Entity ID: This will be used later as the idp.entity_id.

      • Select DOWNLOAD METADATA and place the metadata file in the configuration directory of the Wazuh indexer. The path to the directory is /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/.

      • Certificate: Copy the blob of the certificate excluding the -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- and -----END CERTIFICATE----- lines. This will be our exchange_key in the Wazuh indexer configuration file.

    3. Select CONTINUE and configure the following:

      • ACS URL: https://<WAZUH_DASHBOARD_URL>/_opendistro/_security/saml/acs. Replace the Wazuh dashboard URL field with the appropriate URL or IP address.

      • Entity ID: Use any name here. This will be the sp.entity_id in the Wazuh indexer configuration file. In our case, the value is wazuh-saml.

    4. Leave the remaining parameters with their default values, then select CONTINUE.

    5. Click on ADD MAPPING. Under Employee details, choose Department and under App attributes, type Roles. Click FINISH.

      Google doesn't support sending the Group membership attribute as part of the SAML Assertion (as the other Identity Providers do). So in this example, we are going to use Department as the attribute whose value will be used as our roles_key in the Wazuh indexer configuration. In this case, the value for the Department attribute will be stored as Roles.

  4. Turn ON access for everyone.

    1. Select the recently created app and click on User access.

    2. Select ON for everyone and click SAVE.

  5. Define the attribute for users.

    1. Go to Directory then Users.

    2. Select a user, go to User information, then edit Employee information.

    3. Add a value to the Department field, in this example, we add wazuh-readonly, click on SAVE. This value will be used as the backend role in the Wazuh dashboard configuration.

Wazuh indexer configuration

Edit the Wazuh indexer security configuration files. We recommend that you back up these files before you carry out the configuration.

  1. Place the Google_Metadata.xml file within the /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/ directory. Set the file ownership to wazuh-indexer using the following command:

    # chown wazuh-indexer:wazuh-indexer /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/Google_Metadata.xml
  2. Edit the /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/config.yml file and change the following values:

    • Set the order in basic_internal_auth_domain to 0 and the challenge flag to false.

    • Include a saml_auth_domain configuration under the authc section similar to the following:

            description: "Authenticate via HTTP Basic against internal users database"
            http_enabled: true
            transport_enabled: true
            order: 0
              type: "basic"
              challenge: false
              type: "intern"
            http_enabled: true
            transport_enabled: false
            order: 1
              type: saml
              challenge: true
                  metadata_file: '/etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/Google_Metadata.xml'
                  entity_id: '…'
                  entity_id: wazuh-saml
                kibana_url: https://<WAZUH_DASHBOARD_URL>
                roles_key: Roles
                exchange_key: 'MIICajCCAdOgAwIBAgIBAD.........'
              type: noop

    Ensure to change the following parameters to their corresponding value:

    • idp.metadata_file

    • idp.entity_id

    • sp.entity_id

    • kibana_url

    • roles_key

    • exchange_key

  3. Run the securityadmin script to load the configuration changes made in the config.yml file.

    # export JAVA_HOME=/usr/share/wazuh-indexer/jdk/ && bash /usr/share/wazuh-indexer/plugins/opensearch-security/tools/ -f /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/config.yml -icl -key /etc/wazuh-indexer/certs/admin-key.pem -cert /etc/wazuh-indexer/certs/admin.pem -cacert /etc/wazuh-indexer/certs/root-ca.pem -h localhost -nhnv

    The -h flag specifies the hostname or the IP address of the Wazuh indexer node. Note that this command uses localhost, set your Wazuh indexer address if necessary.

    The command output must be similar to the following:

    Security Admin v7
    Will connect to localhost:9200 ... done
    Connected as "CN=admin,OU=Wazuh,O=Wazuh,L=California,C=US"
    OpenSearch Version: 2.8.0
    Contacting opensearch cluster 'opensearch' and wait for YELLOW clusterstate ...
    Clustername: wazuh-cluster
    Clusterstate: GREEN
    Number of nodes: 1
    Number of data nodes: 1
    .opendistro_security index already exists, so we do not need to create one.
    Populate config from /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security
    Will update '/config' with /etc/wazuh-indexer/opensearch-security/config.yml
       SUCC: Configuration for 'config' created or updated
    SUCC: Expected 1 config types for node {"updated_config_types":["config"],"updated_config_size":1,"message":null} is 1 (["config"]) due to: null
    Done with success

Wazuh dashboard configuration

  1. Create a new role mapping for the backend role. Follow these steps to create a new role mapping, and grant read-only permissions to the backend role.

    1. Log into the Wazuh dashboard as administrator.

    2. Click the upper-left menu icon to open the options, select Security, and then Roles to open the roles page.

    3. Click Create role, complete the empty fields with the following parameters, and then click Create to complete the task.

      • Name: Assign a name to the role.

      • Cluster permissions: cluster_composite_ops_ro

      • Index: *

      • Index permissions: read

      • Tenant permissions: Select global_tenant and the Read only option.

    4. Select the newly created role.

    5. Select the Mapped users tab and click Manage mapping.

    6. Under Backend roles, add the value of the Department field you created in Google Workspace and click Map to confirm the action. In our case, the backend role is wazuh-readonly.

  2. Check the value of run_as in the /usr/share/wazuh-dashboard/data/wazuh/config/wazuh.yml configuration file. If run_as is set to false, proceed to the next step.

      - default:
          url: https://localhost
          port: 55000
          username: wazuh-wui
          password: "<wazuh-wui-password>"
          run_as: false

    If run_as is set to true, you need to add a role mapping on the Wazuh dashboard. To map the backend role to Wazuh, follow these steps:

    1. Click the upper-left menu icon to open the available options.

    2. Click Wazuh to open the Wazuh dashboard menu, select Security, and then Roles mapping to open the page.

      Wazuh role mapping
    3. Click Create Role mapping and complete the empty fields with the following parameters:

      • Role mapping name: Assign a name to the role mapping.

      • Roles: Select readonly.

      • Custom rules: Click Add new rule to expand this field.

      • User field: backend_roles

      • Search operation: FIND

      • Value: Assign the value of the Department field you created in Google Workspace. In our case, the backend role is wazuh-readonly.

      Create Wazuh role mapping
    4. Click Save role mapping to save and map the backend role with Wazuh as read-only.

  3. Edit the Wazuh dashboard configuration file. Add these configurations to /etc/wazuh-dashboard/opensearch_dashboards.yml. We recommend that you back up these files before you carry out the configuration.

    opensearch_security.auth.type: "saml"
    server.xsrf.allowlist: ["/_opendistro/_security/saml/acs", "/_opendistro/_security/saml/logout", "/_opendistro/_security/saml/acs/idpinitiated"]
    opensearch_security.session.keepalive: false
  4. Restart the Wazuh dashboard service using this command:

    # systemctl restart wazuh-dashboard
  5. Test the configuration. Go to your Wazuh dashboard URL and log in with your Google Workspace account.